Admins eHow SysAdmin Tips & Tricks

August 7, 2014

Send email alerts if PERC H200 raid fails in Linux

Filed under: Debian,linux — Tags: , , — admin @ 11:18 pm

Recently I have bought a Dell PowerEdge R210 server which is equipped by PERC H200 raid controller.
As I have setup a raid 1 on this server, I needed to monitor its raid status, Here is what I did :
First you need “sas2ircu” utility which can be found on following website :
http://hwraid.le-vert.net/wiki/DebianPackages
Running “sas2ircu 0 STATUS” give you following output :

root@x:/# sas2ircu 0 STATUS
LSI Corporation SAS2 IR Configuration Utility.
Version 16.00.00.00 (2013.03.01)
Copyright (c) 2009-2013 LSI Corporation. All rights reserved.

Background command progress status for controller 0...
IR Volume 1
  Volume ID                               : 79
  Current operation                       : None
  Volume status                           : Enabled
  Volume state                            : Optimal
  Volume wwid                             : xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  Physical disk I/Os                      : Not quiesced
SAS2IRCU: Command STATUS Completed Successfully.
SAS2IRCU: Utility Completed Successfully.

What we are interested in is “Optimal” status. so if Optimal changes to anything, we want to be notified.
You can use the following script to do that (change MAIL variable to your own email address) :

#!/bin/bash
MAIL=mail@domain.com
RESULT=`sas2ircu 0 STATUS | grep Optimal`
if [ -z "$RESULT" ]; then
    echo "RAID ERROR ON SERVER" | mail -s 'Raid Error' "$MAIL"
    else echo "Raid is OK"
fi

as always do not forget to test if your server is actually able to send mails and you receive them.
Finally save the script in a file and put it in cronjob. I have chosen to run it every 12 hours :

0 */12 * * * /usr/bin/raidcheck

July 20, 2014

Send email alerts when HP Proliant RAID fails in Linux

Filed under: linux — Tags: , , , , , , , — admin @ 7:51 pm

As a minimalist person, I am not a fan of running heavy monitoring tools of HP on my server. so I have written a very small bash script to monitor my server RAID status and send me email alerts if it fails.
For this script to work, first you need to install hpacucli (HP Array Configuration Utility) on your server. you can download it from HP website for your Linux distribution.
The script is very easy to understand but you may need to tweak it a little bit to fit your server.
The heart is this line :

hpacucli ctrl slot=1 pd all show

which returns following on my server :

\\ EMPTY LINE
Smart Array P222 in Slot 1

   array A

      physicaldrive 2I:1:1 (port 2I:box 1:bay 1, SATA, 3 TB, OK)
      physicaldrive 2I:1:2 (port 2I:box 1:bay 2, SATA, 3 TB, OK)
      physicaldrive 2I:1:3 (port 2I:box 1:bay 3, SATA, 3 TB, OK)
      physicaldrive 2I:1:4 (port 2I:box 1:bay 4, SATA, 3 TB, OK)

but we only need lines 6-9 which are showing the drives status. It is where you may need to tweak it as you may have more or less drives.
So it may not be 6-9 for you and you may need to change 6,9 in sed command.
Here is the final script :

#!/bin/bash
MAIL=mail@domain.com
RESULT=`hpacucli ctrl slot=1 pd all show | sed -n '6,9 p' | grep -v OK`
if [ -n "$RESULT" ]; then
	echo "$RESULT" | mail -s 'Raid Error' "$MAIL"
	else echo "Raid is OK"
fi

Dont forget to change MAIL variable to your own email address.
You may test the script once to make sure your server is able to send emails and you actually receive them.
Finally save the script in a file and put it in cronjob. I have chosen to run it every 12 hours :

0 */12 * * * /usr/bin/raidcheck

October 24, 2012

The proper way to benchmark disk write performance in Linux

Filed under: CentOS,Debian,linux — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 7:46 am
dd bs=1M count=512 if=/dev/zero of=test conv=fdatasync

The result is something like this :
512+0 records in
512+0 records out
536870912 bytes (537 MB) copied, 1.43334 s, 375 MB/s

December 16, 2011

Linux Delete Empty Directories (Folders)

Filed under: CentOS,Debian,General,linux — Tags: , , , , , , — admin @ 6:01 am

As simple as one single command :

find -type d -empty -delete

September 26, 2011

Gateway on a different subnet on Linux

Filed under: Debian,General,linux — Tags: , , , , , — admin @ 7:50 am

Theoretically host IP and gateway should be on the same IP subnet. but there are some situations where host IP and gateway subnet are on different subnets. like my situation today. I was assigned two additional IPs for my server by my Data-center, but IPs were from a different subnet compared to server main IP. these IPs will work if you set them as additional IPs. but I needed them to create two new VPS’s on my server with bridged network interface. in this situation additional IPs should serve as main IP address and there is no gateway on same subnet available.
So here are the assumptions :

a.b.c.d is the host IP
e.f.g.h is the gateway IP
a.b.c.d & e.f.g.h are on different subnets.

by default if you try to set gateway by following command :

route add default gw e.f.g.h

you will get this error :

SIOCADDRT: No such process

the trick is simple , first add a route to default gateway itself and then set the default gateway , like this :

route add e.f.g.h/32 dev eth0
route add default gw e.f.g.h

remember you may need to change eth0 to your device name , it may be eth1 or wlan0 or anything.

How to make these route changes persistent ?

For Debian/Ubuntu :
Add the following lines to /etc/network/interfaces :

post-up route add e.f.g.h/32 dev eth0
post-up route add default gw e.f.g.h

June 19, 2011

Linux Redirection Cheat Sheet

Filed under: Bash,linux — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 2:32 pm
Normal Redirect:

command > filename        Redirect command output to a file
command >> filename       APPEND into a file
command < filename        Type a text file and pass the text to command
commandA  |  commandB     Pipe the output from commandA into commandB
commandA &  commandB      Run commandA and then run commandB
commandA && commandB      Run commandA, if it succeeds then run commandB
commandA || commandB      Run commandA, if it fails then run commandB

Numeric handles:

STDIN  = 0  Keyboard input
STDOUT = 1  Text output
STDERR = 2  Error text output
UNDEFINED = 3-9

command 2> filename       Redirect any error message into a file
command 2>> filename      Append any error message into a file
command > file 2>&1       Redirect errors and output to one file
command > file 2<&1       Redirect output and errors to one file
command > fileA 2> fileB  Redirect output and errors to separate files
command 2>&1 >filename    This will fail!

Redirect to /dev/null (hide errors):

command 2> /dev/null            Redirect error messages to /dev/null
command >/dev/null 2>&1         Redirect error and output to /dev/null
command >filename 2> /dev/null  Redirect output to file but suppress error

Source : ss64.com

April 27, 2011

Block BitTorrent traffic on your Linux firewall using iptables

Filed under: Debian,linux,Security — Tags: , , , , , — admin @ 7:25 pm

The following script will block and log un-encrypted BitTorrent & DHT traffic on your Linux firewall.
I have personally tested it on debian 5 lenny , but I am almost sure it should work pretty well on any new Linux distros.

iptables -N LOGDROP > /dev/null 2> /dev/null 
iptables -F LOGDROP 
iptables -A LOGDROP -j LOG --log-prefix "LOGDROP " 
iptables -A LOGDROP -j DROP

#Torrent
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "BitTorrent" -j LOGDROP 
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "BitTorrent protocol" -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "peer_id=" -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string ".torrent" -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "announce.php?passkey=" -j LOGDROP 
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "torrent" -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "announce" -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --algo bm --string "info_hash" -j LOGDROP 

# DHT keyword
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --string "get_peers" --algo bm -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --string "announce_peer" --algo bm -j LOGDROP
iptables -A FORWARD -m string --string "find_node" --algo bm -j LOGDROP

November 18, 2010

Install SNMP on Centos/RHEL

Filed under: CentOS,linux — Tags: , , , — admin @ 4:13 pm

The following easy steps will install snmp daemon on your CentOS/RHEL server :

yum install net-snmp net-snmp-utils

now snmpd simple configuration ( change SECRET_NAME to a complex string ) :

echo rocommunity SECRET_NAME > /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

start snmpd :

service snmpd restart

also make sure it starts on boot :

chkconfig snmpd on

last step to check snmpd is working ( change SECRET_NAME to the string you have chose before ) :

snmpwalk -v 1 -c SECRET_NAME -O e 127.0.0.1

you should get an output like below :

SNMPv2-MIB::sysDescr.0 = STRING: Linux 2.6.18-194.11.4.el5xen #1 SMP Tue Sep 21 05:40:24 EDT 201
0 x86_64
SNMPv2-MIB::sysObjectID.0 = OID: NET-SNMP-MIB::netSnmpAgentOIDs.10
DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (242211) 0:40:22.11
SNMPv2-MIB::sysContact.0 = STRING: root@localhost
SNMPv2-MIB::sysName.0 = STRING: 
SNMPv2-MIB::sysLocation.0 = STRING: Unknown
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORLastChange.0 = Timeticks: (2) 0:00:00.02
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.1 = OID: SNMPv2-MIB::snmpMIB
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.2 = OID: TCP-MIB::tcpMIB
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.3 = OID: IP-MIB::ip
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.4 = OID: UDP-MIB::udpMIB
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.5 = OID: SNMP-VIEW-BASED-ACM-MIB::vacmBasicGroup
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.6 = OID: SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB::snmpFrameworkMIBCompliance
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.7 = OID: SNMP-MPD-MIB::snmpMPDCompliance
SNMPv2-MIB::sysORID.8 = OID: SNMP-USER-BASED-SM-MIB::usmMIBCompliance
.
.
.
.

October 14, 2010

Ping Scan IP Range Using nmap

Filed under: General,Security — Tags: , , , , , — admin @ 1:11 am

You can use nmap to ping scan IP ranges , by following commands :

nmap -sP 192.168.1.0/24

or

nmap -sP 192.168.1.1-254

July 29, 2010

GET: command not found

Filed under: Debian — Tags: , , , — admin @ 4:41 pm

if you get the following error on debian :

-bash: GET: command not found

install the following package :

apt-get install libwww-perl
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