Admins eHow SysAdmin Tips & Tricks

June 2, 2009

Force Download on nginx

Filed under: Nginx — Tags: , , — admin @ 9:05 pm

if you want force download on nginx for all files except images use the following config :

	listen 80;
	server_name test.localhost;
	location / {
		root /Users/vasil/test;
		if ($request_filename !~* ^.*?\.(jpg)|(png)|(gif)){
			add_header Content-Disposition: "$request_filename";

May 31, 2009

How to configure nginx + php5 + mysql on debian 5 lenny

Filed under: Debian,General,MySQL,Nginx,PHP — Tags: , , , , — admin @ 3:56 pm

1.Install PHP5
We will use dotdeb repo for installing the latest version of PHP5 and MySQL Server so first we need to configure apt to use dotdeb repo.
Edit /etc/apt/sources.list :

nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add The following lines to end of it :

deb stable all
deb-src stable all

Press CTRL+X Choose Yes to save the file and Exit.
update apt cache :

apt-get update

Now install PHP5 :

apt-get install php5-cgi php5-mysql

Now edit /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini :

nano /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

and change cgi.fix_pathinfo to 1 :

cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

Save File and Exit.
2. Install MySQL Server

apt-get install mysql-server

3. Install Lighttpd
We need to install lighttpd because Nginx does not come with a FastCGI package, and there isn’t a standalone package yet. So we are going to install Lighttpd, disable it, and use spawn-fcgi from the Lighttpd package.

apt-get install lighttpd
/etc/init.d/lighttpd stop
update-rc.d -f lighttpd remove

Also remove lighttpd executable file :

rm /usr/sbin/lighttpd

4. Setup spawn-fcgi
Since we are going to use spawn-fcgi to handle PHP, we need to set it up to start when our server starts and make an init script so that we can control the processes. For starters, create the init script:

nano /etc/init.d/php-fastcgi

and add the following code to it and save it:

#! /bin/sh
# Provides:          php-fastcgi
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start and stop php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode
# Description:       Start and stop php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode

# Author: Kurt Zankl <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>

# Do NOT "set -e"

DESC="php-cgi in external FASTCGI mode"

# Exit if the package is not installed
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0

# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME

# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
. /lib/init/

# Define LSB log_* functions.
# Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.0-6) to ensure that this file is present.
. /lib/lsb/init-functions

# If the daemon is not enabled, give the user a warning and then exit,
# unless we are stopping the daemon
if [ "$START" != "yes" -a "$1" != "stop" ]; then
log_warning_msg "To enable $NAME, edit /etc/default/$NAME and set START=yes"
exit 0

# Process configuration

# Return
#   0 if daemon has been started
#   1 if daemon was already running
#   2 if daemon could not be started
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON --test > /dev/null \
|| return 1
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON \
--background --make-pidfile --chuid $EXEC_AS_USER --startas $DAEMON -- \
|| return 2

# Return
#   0 if daemon has been stopped
#   1 if daemon was already stopped
#   2 if daemon could not be stopped
#   other if a failure occurred
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=TERM/30/KILL/5 --pidfile $PIDFILE > /dev/null # --name $DAEMON
[ "$RETVAL" = 2 ] && return 2
# Wait for children to finish too if this is a daemon that forks
# and if the daemon is only ever run from this initscript.
# If the above conditions are not satisfied then add some other code
# that waits for the process to drop all resources that could be
# needed by services started subsequently.  A last resort is to
# sleep for some time.
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --retry=0/30/KILL/5 --exec $DAEMON
[ "$?" = 2 ] && return 2
# Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
rm -f $PIDFILE
return "$RETVAL"
case "$1" in
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC" "$NAME"
case "$?" in
case "$?" in
0) log_end_msg 0 ;;
1) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Old process is still running
*) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Failed to start
# Failed to stop
log_end_msg 1
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2
exit 3

There is no editing needed for the code above. Now we need to make it executable.

chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fastcgi

Now we will create the configuration file for spawn-fcgi:

nano /etc/default/php-fastcgi

and add:


# Which user runs PHP? (default: www-data)


# Host and TCP port for FASTCGI-Listener (default: localhost:9000)


# Environment variables, which are processed by PHP


In this file, you can change the FCGI_PORT, PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN, and PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS. If you change the port, make sure to note what you change it to because we will need it for later. Now, we want to make sure that spawn-fcgi starts when the server starts:

update-rc.d php-fastcgi defaults
/etc/init.d/php-fastcgi restart

5. Install Nginx

apt-get install nginx

6. Configure Nginx and your default vhost
For help with configuring Nginx beyond just the default configuration, please refer to the Nginx Wiki. We are now going to configure the default vhost so that we can verify that PHP is working with Nginx.

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

In the default vhost, change the following lines to look like this:

server_name _;
location ~ \.php$ {
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /var/www/nginx-default$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;

What we did here was changed the server_name to accept all incoming requests, uncommented the location stanza and defined where Nginx needs to look for spawn-fcgi. If you changed the port above in the /etc/default/php-fastcgi file, then you need to change the port on the fastcgi_pass line as well. On the line fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /var/www/nginx-default$fastcgi_script_name;, you need to change /var/ww/nginx-default to match your web root. On the line include fastcgi_params; you need to add a space between the include and the fastcgi_params as there is a bug in the default configuration and that space was omitted. Once you save the default-vhost, you need to restart Nginx.

/etc/init.d/nginx restart

Now we will create an info.php file in your web root:

nano /var/www/nginx-default/info.php

Add the following code and save the file:

<? phpinfo(); ?>

Now in your web browser, pull up the newly created file (http://your-ip/info.php). You should see information about the version of PHP that you are running.

Note: When I installed Nginx, it did not start automatically, however it was setup to start when the server booted. I have heard stories of users having issues with Nginx starting automatically when the server boots. If Nginx does not start when you boot your server, run the following command which will make it start on boot:

update-rc.d nginx defaults


Reference :

Powered by WordPress